Timothy Pickering 1811 Autograph Letter Signed – With Free Frank Signed


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Postmaster General, Secretary of War, and Secretary of State under President George Washington.

Although the First Bank of the United States’ charter did not expire until 1811, discussions about renewing it began much earlier. In 1808, the Bank’s shareholders asked Congress to extend the charter. In March 1809, Secretary of the Treasury Albert Gallatin recommended renewing the Bank’s charter. Congress let the matter languish until January 1810. At that time, the House gave the request for renewal a quick reading but took no action. Finally, in January 1811, both chambers of Congress engaged in a debate on whether to renew. Later that month, the House voted against renewal by just one vote. In February, Gallatin again recommended renewing the Bank’s charter. The Senate vote, however, resulted in a tie. The vice president, George Clinton of New York, cast the tie-breaking vote, and the charter renewal was again defeated by one vote.

In 1811, Pickering, a former Washington Administration cabinet member, was serving as a Senator from Massachusetts.

Autograph letter signed (ALS) “T. Pickering”, Washington February 1, 1811, to Griffith Evans, close friend and erstwhile civil servant, with additional attached free frank also signed “T. Pickering”, in full:

Dear Sir, I have just received yours of the 30th ult.  John Smith’s nomination to be Marshall of Pennsylvania yesterday received the approval of the Senate.

Mr. Gallatin has made an able and decisive report to the Committee of the Senate (as I learn from one of them) in favor of a renewal of the Charter of the Bank; and the committee will bring in a bill for that purpose.

Truly special letter with great content.

The letter is not without faults – heavy toning within text but signature is not impacted much.  Free frank panel also with heavy toning, with signature within the toned area.