** Sent Just One Day Before The Signing of The Treaty of Versailles **
28th President. Typed letter signed (TLS) “Woodrow Wilson” AS PRESIDENT, June 27, 1919, sent from Paris, France, to Douglas Johnson at the Hotel Crillon in Paris. Embossed Presidential Seal at top left, in full:
I have your letter of yesterday with the accompanying memorandum, and find myself in substantial agreement with all that you urge. I have recently sent a brief memorandum to my colleagues of the American Peace Delegation which is substantially along the same lines, though perhaps even a little more drastic and uncompromising. I am going to send your memorandum to Mr. Lansing as a commentary and am sure it will be most useful. Thank you very much.
Accompanied by original mailing envelope.
The Paris Peace Conference, also known as Versailles Peace Conference, was the meeting of the Allied victors following the end of World War I to set the peace terms for the defeated Central Powers following the armistices of 1918. This was the first great world war, one that had stretched across continents and left over 38 million casualties, with some 18 million killed. It took place in Paris during 1919 and involved diplomats from more than 32 countries and nationalities. The Conference convened in January and Wilson was present from the start. After a brief return to the U.S. in February, he came back to France in March and stayed for over three more months.
This Conference was one of the most consequential events of the 20th century. Its major decisions were the creation of the League of Nations; the five peace treaties with defeated enemies, including the Treaty of Versailles with Germany; the awarding of German and Ottoman overseas possessions as “mandates“, chiefly to Britain and France; reparations imposed on Germany, and the drawing of new national boundaries to better reflect forces of nationalism. The treaty with Germany provided in section 231 that the guilt for the war be laid on “the aggression of Germany and her allies”. As to whether the terms were too harsh, history has judged that to be the case, and the treaty was one of the leading factors leading to World War II.