33rd President. Legion of Merit award signed “Harry S. Truman” AS PRESIDENT, one page, 8×10, The White House Washington stationery.
This is an outstanding document for “Citation For The Legion of Merit / Degree of Commander“, to “Lieutenant General B.G. Horrocks, C.B., D.S.O., M.C., British Army. From 10 November to 12 December 1944, as Commanding General, XXX British Corps, operating on left flank of the Ninth United States Army, General Horrocks rendered personalized cooperation to units of this command in the accomplishment of mutual tasks. Due largely to the efforts of General Horrocks, a large scale attack by British and American units was planned and successfully completed to capture the town of Geilenkirchen, Germany. The success of this attack was a marked tribute to the advance planning, procurement of supplies and specialized troops, and the personal reconnaissance tours of General Horrocks. His superior leadership, initiative and professional abilities are in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service.”
Signature has faded slightly but remains fully legible – a most interesting document.
Accompanied by nicely printed document with printed signature of the British “Secretary of State for War” announcing that Horrocks name was “published in the London Gazette on 9 August, 1945 as mentioned in a Despatch for distinguished service.”
Lieutenant General Sir Brian Gwynne Horrocks, KCB, KBE, DSO, MC (7 September 1895 – 4 January 1985) was a British Army officer, chiefly remembered as the commander of XXX Corps in Operation Market Garden and other operations during the Second World War. He also served in the First World War and the Russian Civil War, was taken prisoner twice, and competed in the modern pentathlon at the 1924 Paris Olympics. Later he was a television presenter, wrote books on military history, and was Black Rod in the House of Lords for 14 years.
Horrocks has been regarded by some as one of the most successful British generals of the war, “a man who really led, a general who talked to everyone, down to the simplest private soldier.” Dwight Eisenhower called him “the outstanding British general under Montgomery.”
It was during the time mentioned in the document that Horrocks commanded Operation Clipper.