32nd President. Significant document signed “Franklin D. Roosevelt” AS PRESIDENT, one page, 8.25 x 12.5, March 6, 1933. Official order given at the White House by President Roosevelt on his second full day in office. In full:
Under the provisions of the Act of Congress creating the Federal Farm Board, approved June 15, 1929, I hereby designate Henry Morgenthau, Jr. of New York, as Chairman of the Board.
Boldly signed at the conclusion by President Roosevelt. Also signed by Morgenthau to endorse his oath of office:
I, Henry Morgenthau, Jr., do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will support and defend the Constitution of the U.S. against all enemies, foreign and domestic; that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the same; that I take this obligation freely, without any mental reservations or purpose of evasion; and that I will well and faithfully discharge the duties of the office on which I am about to enter.
Also notarized below by Marguerite S. Banks. Affixed to a slightly larger board and in very good to fine condition, with the right edge trimmed, some light foxing, and toning from prior display.
Appointed as governor of the Federal Farm Board by this document, Morgenthau soon became deeply involved in the administration and was a key member of FDR’s ‘Brain Trust’ that designed and executed the New Deal. A year later, he would be appointed Secretary of the Treasury and helped to drive the economic policies that led the nation out of the Great Depression. Morgenthau remained in charge of the Treasury during World War II and became increasingly involved in shaping foreign policy via financial means, especially with respect to the Lend-Lease program, support for China, helping Jewish refugees, and devising a plan to destroy German industry, thereby eliminating their ability to manufacture arms and wage war. An important document from the very beginning of Roosevelt’s long and historic term as president.